What are British values? Don’t ask the British!


Whenever I meet new teachers (and most older ones too for that matter) I ask them what “fundamental British values” are. It is after all a requirement of the Teachers’ Standards in England that they are ‘not undermined’.

In most cases, teachers have not the faintest idea.

Even when I prompt them a bit with a helpful reference to the actual section of the Teachers’ Standards where it says: “democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs” – many will even contest that these are exclusively British values, and say they are found in most countries.

I sometimes reply – respectfully of course – that they should get out a bit more and travel the world. They’ll soon find out most countries around the globe cannot take them for granted at all.

“Trial by jury… the presumption of innocence… Habeas Corpus… these are principles that the British played a fundamental role in establishing in legal systems throughout the world,” I say. But I can see my audiences are unimpressed.

I continue: “Then what about things like fair play… cricket and all that… our apparent enthusiasm for queuing… saying ‘please’ and ‘thank you’… cheering for the underdog… starting conversations with the weather… apologizing when someone steps on your toe…? Doesn’t that show how nice we are?”

But then people think I’m being trivial and reply: “They may be British, but they’re hardly fundamental values are they?”

So I try again and suggest things that have been fundamental to shaping our history – “How about Magna Carta… the defeat of the Spanish Armada… the Battles of Trafalgar and Waterloo… the British Empire, for good and bad… slavery and its abolition… the Industrial Revolution… Dunkirk and the Battle of Britain… the establishment of the National Health Service..? Don’t they reflect various aspects of fundamental British values?”

But still people argue with me. “Every country has proud and shameful events in its history. Why should Britain think it’s any different?”

I press on (being ever the optimist) and suggest perhaps that our values are reflected in our artistic culture and heritage? “What about the novels of Jane Austen and Charles Dickens, the paintings of Turner, the plays of Shakespeare, the music of The Beatles, the BBC, the Edinburgh Festival, Glastonbury..?”

I’m fighting a losing battle, I can see. I continue to try to convince my unimpressed audiences how our global reputation for science is surely a reflection of fundamental values: “The Laws of Newton… Darwin’s Origin of Species… the discovery of penicillin and DNA..?” Now I almost sound like I’m pleading.

Then in sheer desperation, I reel off: “Fish and chips, a nice cup of tea, a pint in the pub…!” but all to no avail.

It is very striking how – almost without exception – no ‘indigenous’ British people in my audiences can offer much of an answer as to what fundamental British values are or how they are reflected in our history, law, science or even popular culture let alone our artistic heritage. Much less how we are shaped by them.

But whenever there are foreigners in the audience. It’s a different story.

The first time it happened an Italian young woman talked about British humour – how quirky and original it was. How she noticed that the British always seemed to be laughing about social class and snobbery. “What a society chooses to laugh at, is an expression of its values,” she said.

Last week I was in Liverpool and a Bulgarian student was first to pipe up when I asked the question. “I have lived in many countries in Europe” she said, “but it is only in Britain where I feel most respected as a woman.”

This week I was in Sheffield and another Italian woman said: “In Italy, I cannot escape that I am a “mechanic’s daughter”. It is like a label I cannot get rid of. But here I think whatever your father did for a living is less important to people. Britain to me feels a psychologically free place.”

Then in St Albans, a Dutch guy said “Britain is incredibly tolerant of other religions. That’s not true everywhere. Even in Holland if you’re not a Christian of a protestant denomination, you are a little bit suspect. Here nobody seems to mind what religion you believe in.”

Perhaps I shouldn’t be surprised that we can’t easily identify what fundamental British values are. We live ‘within’ values after all and because we are immersed in them can’t identify them objectively the way foreigners can. Nor are we likely to agree. After all, the British values we will highlight or value most are those that reflect our own personal value systems.

But as teachers, I think we should try to identify the most fundamental of British values – and try to agree those that reflect the best things about our society. Shouldn’t we be proud of the best things we do? Isn’t it our role as teachers to pass on – not just skills and knowledge – but the fundamental values of our national identity to the next generation of our children?

 

Alan Newland worked as a teacher, teacher-trainer and headteacher in London for over 20 years and then for a decade with the DfE and the GTC. He now lectures on teaching and runs the award-winning social media network newteacherstalk.

You can follow him on Twitter at @newteacherstalk and book him for a talk.

His new book “Working in Teaching” (Crimson Publishing) was published in March 2014.

What can teachers be ‘struck-off’ for?


The new Education Secretary has announced that teachers who “fail to protect children from extremism” will face being struck off the teaching register without appeal. That seems right doesn’t it? We can’t have teachers “promoting extremism” can we?

Of course not! Where would be then?

A couple of decades ago, teachers were also told not to promote things. Then it was “homosexuality”. In 1986 the Thatcher government introduced Section 28 of the Local Government Act and made it illegal for teachers “to promote the teaching in any maintained school of the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship.” Now that law is generally considered “extreme” and  “intolerant” though the law itself was only repealed in 2003.

For some years I worked at the now defunct General Teaching Council, which at the time had responsibility for both registering and regulating the profession. It was a thankless task with the 550,000 teachers in England – most of whom thought it was a pointless organisation and resented paying the modest fee – but we heard some interesting disciplinary cases.

Here’s one – a head teacher embezzled nearly £30,000 from school funds because she used the money to pay for the hospice care and specialist drugs for her terminally ill mother.

You can’t have head teachers fiddling the books even for reasons that might rend the heart. Strike her off!

These things always seem so straightforward until you get into the detail.

Actually she wasn’t caught taking the money out of school funds. She was caught putting it back in – and just at the point where she had re-paid almost all of it in the months after her mother had died.

What would you have done? Struck her off the register, never to teach again?

Here’s another – a teacher used the school’s computer and internet during lunchtimes to post comments on a political chat room. Not the worst crime in the world surely? Everyone uses work computers for personal use don’t they? I certainly did. Have you never read the BBC news website, booked cheap flights or even up-dated your Facebook status? And so what if it was political… we live in a democracy don’t we? Free speech and all that?

This teacher was a member of the BNP and posted offensive remarks about ethnic minorities and immigrants.

What would you have done? Struck him off? Are you sure your judgment isn’t biased because of his political views? Would you have been so damning if a friendly colleague had done something similar on the website of a mainstream political party – like those nice Liberal Democrats or those lovely Greens trying to save the planet?

In the talks I do around the country with thousands of new teachers, many ask me what are the circumstances where they might be “struck-off”.  Invariably they are surprised at the leniency displayed by the disciplinary panels at the former GTC and those that now deal with such cases at the National College for Teaching and Leadership.

So here’s a little exercise for you…

For which of these heinous crimes would you be certain to get a life-time ban? (Answers at the end… so don’t peek)

  1. A caution for being drunk and disorderly in a public place.
  2. Being an alcoholic.
  3. A caution for possession of recreational ‘dance’ drugs’.
  4. A caution for possession of a Class B drug (eg marijuana).
  5. A conviction for speeding at 100mph on a motorway.
  6. A conviction for domestic violence.
  7. A sexual relationship with a pupil over the age of 18 who is at your school.
  8. A sexual relationship with a 16 year-old pupil not at your school.
  9. Active membership of an extreme political party.

While you might not get permanently “struck-off” for some of these,  a conviction or caution might result in your employer dismissing you on the grounds you have “brought the school into disrepute” – especially these days.

My advice is: read your employment contract (particularly if you work at an Academy or Free School) and join a union.

 

Alan Newland worked as a teacher, teacher-trainer and headteacher in London for over 20 years and then for a decade with the DfE and the GTC. He now lectures on teaching and runs the award-winning social media network newteacherstalk.

You can follow him on Twitter at @newteacherstalk and book him for a talk.

His new book “Working in Teaching” (Crimson Publishing) was published in March 2014.

 

Answers:

Probably only Number 7 would result in a substantial or life-time ban – and even that is only as recent as the Sexual Offences Act 2003. Until then it would only have been considered ‘unprofessional’ but it was not illegal. Bizarrely, Number 8 is neither ‘unprofessional’ nor illegal. While most of the others may be illegal, they can be mitigated. Number 2 is considered a health issue, though turning up for work drunk would obviously be a disciplinary matter. As a matter of interest, the teacher disciplined for posting offensive comments on a far-right website is now the leader of the BNP.

 

“We are a community.”


Thirty-odd years ago I was interviewed for a teaching post at the Church of England school where (over a decade later) I became the Headteacher. The Chair of Governors who was also the parish priest asked me if I had any religious faith. In my answer I explained I was not a “communicant member of the Church of England” but I was a person of religious faith and went on to refer to the school as a “Christian school” – at which point he interrupted me: “This is not a Christian school,” he said. “We are a community school. Our trust deeds of 1886 constitute it as such and we are here to serve all the community – people of all faiths and of none are welcome here. The ethos of the school is Christian, but we do not proselytise Christianity here.”

The school’s admissions policy reflected that ethos too. Its criteria was based the following priorities: first -whether existing pupils had siblings already in the school; secondly – residential proximity to the school; thirdly – if the family were practicing members of the Church of England or any other World faith; finally – if the family were sympathetic to the ethos of a Church of England voluntary aided school.

I was very comfortable with that policy. It meant the school reflected the community it served – which was Hackney – so we had Christians of all denominations, Muslims, Hindus and Jews in the school as well as (quite a lot of) non-believers. While Christian celebrations took prominence, other main faith events were celebrated and all the children and families learned something of each others’ beliefs in an atmosphere of mutual respect and tolerance.

Not all ‘church schools’ – we called them in those days – had the same liberal and tolerant policy of course. Many practiced a much more selective admissions criteria which meant that some schools were an exclusive ‘club’ for a denominational section of the community – in those days this was particularly true of Catholics – though in certain areas of the country it could be just as true of others.

As a teacher, none of this bothered me very much. Even as the Headteacher of a Church of England school I thought the whole idea of ‘church schools’ was a generally benign but historical anomaly. As the parish priest explained to me: “The church provided education to the poor long before any government even considered it.”

Then along came Estelle Morris as the Labour Secretary of State for Education in 2001. She said that it made no logical sense for there to be Christian and Jewish ‘faith’ schools in a multi-faith society where there were Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists who might want the same. So she liberalised the requirements to create ‘faith’ schools in the state sector.

I remember at the time thinking this was a mistake – not because I didn’t think other faith communities should have the right to set up ‘faith’ schools – but because she had missed the point. The reason we have Church of England, Catholic and even Jewish schools was, as my parish priest chair of governors pointed out, because they were providing education to the poor before the state thought it was its responsibility to do so.

Nowadays we all accept it is the responsibility of the state to provide education to all children. If we were setting up a state education system from scratch today, I do not think most of us – even those of devout religious faith – would start by setting up faith schools. I respect the right of people who want to send their children to a faith school, but I don’t think the state should be endorsing new ones with taxpayers funding. The old ones – as excellent as many of them are – are an historical anomaly. If people want new ones, let them fund them independently.

Now we have a situation where the state is endorsing the gradual increase – and in some cities, the rapid increase – in the separation, sectionalisation and segregation of society on religious grounds. Children are not being given the opportunity to mix and learn from each other in the way they once were. I don’t think that is any good for promoting community cohesion, let alone mutual respect and tolerance. Just look at the history of Northern Ireland.

As teachers, our professional values require us to promote mutual respect and tolerance of all faiths and of none. Teachers have a responsibility to promote and protect the values that underpin community cohesion. Even the clumsy Teachers’ Standards require us not to undermine fundamental British values.

We are not a Christian or a Muslim or a Hindu or a Jewish country. But we are a society – and the many communities that make up our society share fundamental values and many of them are fundamentally and in some cases uniquely British. Teachers play an enormous part in not only purveying those values from generation to generation – but also in defining them.

Alan Newland worked as a teacher, teacher-trainer and headteacher in London for over 20 years and then for a decade with the DfE and the GTC. He now lectures on teaching and runs the award-winning social media network newteacherstalk.  You can follow him on Twitter at @newteacherstalk and book him for a talk. His new book “Working in Teaching” (Crimson Publishing) was published in March 2014.

Keep your private life just that… private.


Richard Scudamore, the Chief Executive of the Premier League nearly lost his job. He sent emails to colleagues that his PA found offensive, so she disclosed them to the media because she felt “demeaned and humiliated” by them. They weren’t referring to her or about her, but they were sexist and derogatory towards women, even though Scudamore tried to excuse himself that they were jokes.

If you send a confidential email to a colleague during school time using a school computer is it your message or the school’s? Is it private or public?

These days many people are arguing that such emails can’t be private because you have used school time and school equipment to produce them. But I think this is unreasonable.

Let’s say you were to use a piece of school paper and write a message using a school pencil to a colleague complaining about another colleague, the head teacher, a parent or even a pupil. Perhaps you make some offensive remarks about their appearance or personality. You put the message in a colleague’s staffroom pigeon-hole for them to read but your colleague co-incidentally sends someone like a teaching assistant or a school secretary to retrieve something from the pigeon-hole and they find and read the message. Though the message wasn’t intended for them or about them, they feel ‘demeaned and humiliated’ and they report you. Would you think they would be justified in calling for your dismissal?

Most employers allow a certain amount of ‘private’ email use as long as you don’t infringe company protocols. It is perhaps a reflection of how differently we think of email as a medium that most of us probably don’t now consider a personal email as ‘private’ as a personal handwritten note.

Teachers have been disciplined, sacked and even barred for mis-using school equipment – such as emailing offensive messages or posting racist and offensive blog posts. In these cases, all of these messages and posts were intended to be viewed publicly including those they might cause offense to.

Now the values of our time seem to suggest that if you are a professional person then even your private messages, actions and attitudes are subject to scrutiny.

Personally I think this is not only unreasonable but takes us down a dangerous road.

Teachers – and other people whether in a professional position or not – have a right to privacy especially when they’re personal messages, actions and attitudes are not intended to be public.

But of course – the onus is on teachers to keep their private life just that… private.

Alan Newland worked as a teacher, teacher-trainer and headteacher in London for over 20 years and then for a decade with the DfE and the GTC. He now lectures on teaching and runs the award-winning social media network newteacherstalk.  You can follow him on Twitter at @newteacherstalk and book him for a talk. His new book “Working in Teaching” (Crimson Publishing) was published in March 2014.

Your religion, your politics and school values


A few months ago, before the story of alleged “Islamic extremism” in Birmingham schools broke, I arrived in the city to give a talk to teacher trainees. My cab driver started chatting and – as they do – asked what I was doing in Birmingham. When I told him I was an education lecturer and former headteacher, he launched into a fifteen-minute tirade.

His brother, he said, was a really good primary school teacher who had had excellent reports from Ofsted inspections but was now being driven out of the school where he worked by a new headteacher who was trying to impose conservative Islamic views in the school. “We are Muslims, my parents came from Pakistan” he said, “but we are Westernised and he has told my brother he wants him out of the school.”

He asked for my advice. I told him to tell his brother to do two things. First, speak to his union if he was a member of one and secondly, to speak privately to the Chair of Governors and tell him or her of his concerns. “That’s no good” he responded, “He’s already got rid of the old Chair of Governors and got in a new one who agrees with what he’s doing.”

I arrived at my destination and wished my cab driver and his brother well and thought nothing more of this story until this week. It is of course impossible to tell how much of this is true or even a balanced view of the governance of the school he was referring to, let alone the management style of the headteacher in question or indeed the performance of his brother as a teacher.

Even more difficult to assess are the similar allegations that have surfaced across twenty-five Birmingham schools. If there is indeed any truth to these, before we lose a sense of perspective about them through the prism of “Islamic fundamentalist” or “Al-Qaida sympathizer” scare stories, let’s just take a moment to compare them to some similar situations from other times and places.

I was a headteacher of a Church of England primary school in east London that defined itself by its Trust Deeds written in 1886 as “a school to serve all the community”. We had an extremely liberal admissions policy, guided by its Anglican vicar Chair of Governors, which prioritised residence proximity over Anglican affiliation. I was proud of that but I was well aware of many other neighboring C of E schools whose admission criteria were based primarily on regular parental Church attendance or communicant membership of the Church if they wanted to stand any chance of their children gaining entry to the coveted C of E secondary schools.

Until recent years, Catholic schools were a “closed-shop” for Catholics only – it was virtually impossible for a non-Catholic teacher to get appointed to a position in a Catholic school – a matter of naked discrimination that no-one seemed to question at the time.

When I was a young, left-wing, politically active teacher in Hackney in the 1980s I thought nothing of a headteacher at a neighboring primary school “going on strike” for a “Day of Action” in support of the campaign to release Nelson Mandela. She took all the school governors, staff and (quite a few) parents out with her too.

Indeed, if I had been a teacher at that school, I would have been happy to join her, but I was fighting battles of my own – trying to get the school governors to support the Miners Strike of all things. (Quite how I wanted the governors to do that, I’m not quite clear anymore, especially as the miners had Margaret Thatcher as their primary antagonist!) The school governors resisted my entreaties and told me to get on with my job of teaching primary school children.

One of the things I was told I must not do in those days was “to promote homosexuality… or the teaching in any maintained school of the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship.” The Thatcher government introduced this measure as part of Section 28 of the Local Government Act of 1986. Now considered notorious and extreme, it was only repealed in 2003.

More recently though, Lynne Dawes, the principal at the Oasis Academy Hadley in north London, has led a successful campaign to block the court-ordered deportation of Yashika Bageerathi, a Mauritian ‘A’-level student at the school – no doubt with the full support of the governing body.

Even now, school governors in ‘county’ maintained schools around the country have ‘political’ appointees from the mainstream political parties.

My point here is not:

that “extremist or conservative Islamic” headteachers have a right to promote their own religious or political agendas, I don’t think they do – but it is a fact that the governance of schools has always had a religious and a ‘political’ aspect. Indeed, this is likely to increase exponentially as schools become more and more independent through the Academies and Free School movements, liberating them from the flawed but at least democratically accountable constraints of local authorities.

My question here is:

where do the professional values of teachers overlap with the values of school governance? Should we be appointing or sacking governors at all – or indeed teachers – on the basis of their religious belief or their political affiliation – whether extreme or mainstream?

A couple of years ago, Michael Gove went on record to say that teachers who held extremist views (and at the time he was referring to members of the British National Party) had no place working in schools.  He didn’t actually do anything about that mind… perhaps he discovered something called the European Charter on Human Rights?

Now the new Education Secretary says teachers “who failed to protect children from extremism” in Birmingham schools will face disciplinary panels.

Let’s see…

Alan Newland worked as a teacher, teacher-trainer and headteacher in London for over 20 years and then for a decade with the DfE and the GTC. He now lectures on teaching and runs the award-winning social media network newteacherstalk.  You can follow him on Twitter at @newteacherstalk and book him for a talk. His new book “Working in Teaching” (Crimson Publishing) was published in March 2014.

Is commitment a professional matter?


There has been a lot about pre-nuptial agreements in the press recently. You don’t have to be a multi-millionaire to go in for one these days. Apparently they are becoming much more common, even for the ordinary plebs like you and me and some groups are campaigning for them to be legally enforceable. I think I know what my wife would have said to me if I had suggested a ‘pre-nup’ as the premise to marrying her…

But even with the best of intentions, commitment can be sorely tested.

My first year in teaching was a nightmare. I made so many horrendous mistakes that some days I thought I would die. Just read a few other blogs I have written in this series on the newteachersblog to see what I mean – losing kids on school outings, shouting at the whole class for the misbehaviour of a few, disproportionate and collective punishments, electric shock, water-boarding and summary execution for miscreants… (the last three were only my fantasies). But you probably get the idea.  My NQT year was so awful that by the end of it I said to myself that if I couldn’t get this teaching business right within three years, I would choose another career.

My second year was one of the most successful and thrilling of my thirty-odd years in education. My third year was even better than that. Though I continued to have some serious and volatile ups and downs – even well into my career – I learned that my commitment to teaching shouldn’t be contingent upon my annual performance but upon my tenacity, stamina and willingness to learn often from horrible mistakes.

As an NQT, don’t worry about too much about having an awful induction year – or any other year for that matter.  You will learn by your mistakes – at least if you are any good you will.  It’s an important part of what professional people do – reflect and evaluate – in order to improve.

I am great believer in the apprenticeship model for training to be a teacher. There are three fundamental principles inherent within that model that I think are crucial. First – that the model relies on the ‘apprentice’ watching and learning from the good practice of the ‘craftsman/woman’.  Second – you and everyone else, accepts that while you are learning you don’t yet assume the responsibilities of a fully qualified person. Third – you are allowed to make mistakes – lots of them -(as long as they are not truly catastrophic) during your apprenticeship period. As I just said – people learn by their mistakes.

I have just written a book about working in teaching. (Funnily enough it’s called “Working in Teaching” ;-). In it, I describe the various ways to train as a teacher and the ‘pros’ and ‘cons’ of each training model. I genuinely believe there is no one ‘best way’. It’s very much a matter of ‘horses for courses’.

However, I do have some misgivings about the features of those routes that throw people in at the deep end as if commitment to teaching is somehow tested by enormous stress, intense pressure and the ability to harness unrealistic amounts of enthusiasm, passion and moral courage every day.  The job is difficult, complex and demanding enough – even for experienced and qualified people – without having to start your career as if it were on an SAS assessment course.

In my view, all routes into teaching should support and prepare their recruits on the basis of the apprenticeship model I have described above – at least if they want to give them a good chance of succeeding and being retained for the long term.  Operating that model can be done well or badly whether you choose a university-based route like a BA QTS or PGCE or an employment-based route like School Direct or Teach First.

I thoroughly enjoyed watching Tough Young Teachers on BBC3 recently – and I take my hat off to all the trainees and the schools who exposed themselves to the unfair and uninformed scrutiny and mickey-taking by the huge national tv audience that it attracted. But of the many issues the programme raised, the premise of commitment of those embarking on this career was of particular interest to me.

In the last ten years, I have met quite a lot of people – probably around 30 anyway – who trained through Teach First. They were as you might expect, extremely intelligent, able people with good degrees from top universities. They were all very nice people too – hard-working, motivated and well-intentioned with good social values. Unfortunately after two years of undeniably total commitment to what they were doing in their schools, they all ended putting teaching second and left to pursue another career.

My experience may be far from typical I grant you that, and I don’t want to turn this blog into an attack on Teach First – because in many ways I think they are an admirable organization and have done some good things in raising the profile of teaching.  However, if Teach First recruit people on the premise that “this is a two year commitment” at the outset, then I wonder if we should be asking additional questions to the people who apply.

Teach First make a robust defence of their retention rates and even those who don’t stay after two years become ambassadors and advocates for Teach First. Let’s not forget either that retention rates can be a serious issue across the profession, so TF are not unique in dealing with issues around that. My point is, whatever route people choose to enter teaching – the premise should be to encourage them to commit to teaching as a career, not as a kind of VSO for inner city schools.

In my view, children have a right to expect that. People claiming to be professional teachers should demonstrate tenacity, stamina and endurance as part of their commitment.

Many people doing their NQT year this year will be seriously wondering whether they have chosen the right career. Like me in my first year they are probably having an horrendous time.  As I said, I had serious doubts that I had messed-up big time in my first year and gave myself three years to sort it out.

So is that any different to what is being asked of TF candidates?

Well in my view, yes, at least in one important respect – that is, the starting premise of my commitment.

Let’s imagine for a minute, you are not an NQT but that you are a headteacher of a thriving and successful school – as many of you will go on to be (believe me, you will!) – or a school governor or even a tutor on a teacher training course. Imagine you are interviewing candidates. If a one said to you: “I’m only prepared to commit to this for two years.” What would you think of that candidate?

I know what I would think. I would have no qualms about rejecting their application – whatever their alma mater, class of degree or professed passion for addressing the issues of educational inequality.

We expect people to make a commitment, even if their good intentions don’t work out. A career in teaching really is like a marriage in that respect (and bizarrely, retention rates in teaching are not that dissimilar to rates of divorce!) Sadly it’s a fact – lots of couples end up divorced.  But do we want the premise of any important commitment to be contingent upon a time limit with an option to discontinue? That’s not what we expect of people entering a marriage. In my view it’s not what we should expect of people entering teaching either.

What do you think? Is commitment a professional matter?

Alan Newland worked as a teacher, teacher-trainer and headteacher in London for over 20 years and then for the DfE and the GTC. He now lectures on teaching and runs the award-winning social media network newteacherstalk.  You can follow him on Twitter at @newteacherstalk. His new book “Working in Teaching” (Crimson Publishing) is published in March 2014.

Tough Young Teachers is better tv than The Apprentice, but appears to lack one essential feature…


BBC3’s Tough Young Teachers has been fantastic entertainment for the last six weeks.

It has certainly shown some very frank exchanges, authentic incidents and realistic challenges that young trainee teachers face. I take my hat off to the trainees – all of them have showed enormous courage and tenacity. Good for them!

But I can’t help wondering if it has been an own goal for Teach First – the ‘charity’ that recruits so-called high-flyers from top universities to teach at tough schools.  Worse – I wonder if it has it damaged the prospects for teacher training recruitment, at least for this year, and even the image of teaching more widely?

I have just written a book about working in teaching. It covers all the various routes of qualification into what I regard as the most fundamental profession of all.

I have been careful not to recommend one route over another.  My experience tells me that training to be a teacher is definitely a matter of ‘horses for courses’ – and in my thirty-odd years in education I also spent six years training teachers, which included all the main routes as well pioneering the so-called ‘employment-based’ ones – so I have seen some people thrive on one course when it’s been clear they would have drowned doing another.

But watching Tough Young Teachers has made me think a lot about aspects of teaching that these brave but naïve young people have exposed to the world.

For example, in Week Three, the much-derided Nicholas (“I knew he was posh! I knew it!”) took one noticeably recalcitrant fourteen year-old urchin on what was really a personal outing one Saturday morning. Nicholas drove the lad in his own car – without any apparent risk assessment – to shoot pheasants with his Barbour-coated pals on a country estate (yes… if you haven’t seen the programme, I can assure you, you are reading all of this correctly.) Twitter was alive with hilarious derision – I know because I attempted to contribute to some of it – but the really interesting thing was how the outing clearly had an enormous positive impact on the youngster – though he still showed his ‘appreciation’ by calling Nicolas “a posh prat” behind his back – but then, that’s kids for you.

What Nicholas knew was that the boy will never forget that visceral feeling of a double-barrel gun going off in his hands and the massive kick-back he had into his shoulder from it. The boy’s eyes lit up. It was a real experience. One day that (currently) ungrateful little brat will come to acknowledge it as an important, perhaps even seminal moment – because he had a teacher who was prepared to risk his reputation to believe in him.

Similarly was the effort made by Charles in Week Four – another one who was clearly born with a silver spade in his mouth (this guy entertained his fellow trainees to dinner by employing a Master-Chef to serve a 12-course taster menu while Post-Impressionist paintings hung from the dining room walls). Nevertheless, Charles got another ‘ne’r-do-well’ fifteen-year-old – Walid – to go on a farm week – to get his hands thoroughly dirty, to milk cows and goats, to slop out pig sties and to sing soppy songs around a camp fire with his school friends. Experiences even Walid acknowledged he will never forget.

Then there’s Meryl – the lovely, totally naïve, almost hopelessly idealistic young woman who is trying to teach English (and sex education, for goodness sake..!) to kids who are systematically taking her apart – bit by tortuous bit – while her tutors and mentors seem to be observing her every hapless lesson. But she is so motivated and hard working it makes your eyes water. Twitter was rightly trending #ComeOnMeryl! every week.

As I said earlier, I take no ideological stand on the merits and de-merits of different ways of training to be a teacher – all have their pros and cons – and I am all for widening access to the teaching profession as long as standards of qualification are maintained.

But I do hold these principles dear:

First, that teaching is a profession. It is not merely a craft. It does not just rely on the application of practical skills – however inspired or imaginative they may be. You can’t just turn up – even with bags of enthusiasm, high ideals, regular use of the word ‘passionate’ – and hope to succeed, not in the long-term anyway.

Secondly, education theory is important. Not least because ultimately it underpins, guides and re-assures you that first, you know where you are and secondly, you know what you are doing once you have used up all those great ideas from your ‘bag of tricks’.

Thirdly, as the Tough Young Teachers have found out, teaching is not a game or a game-show. I don’t doubt Teach First’s genuinely good intentions – but was it wise to turn the serious business of training to be a teacher into a reality TV show?  The contrast with Channel 4’s Educating Essex / Yorkshire is stark. They seem to me, over the long term, to have made an important contribution to the public understanding of the nature and challenges of the teaching profession.

Training to be a teacher, again in my humble opinion, requires both the understanding and the application of theory; alongside the acquisition of a wide range of practical skills; under intense pressure; over a substantial period of time; but within a supportive and developmental environment. That’s the apprentice model. It’s a model tried and tested over centuries and passed down to us from the artisans of ancient guilds. Crucially, apprenticeship is a period both necessary and required before you can call yourself a qualified professional.

If you are thinking of training to be a teacher – and I hope you are – my advice is to choose a route that most closely approximates to that definition.

Good Luck!

Alan Newland worked as a teacher, teacher-trainer and headteacher in London for over 20 years and then for the DfE and the GTC. He now lectures on teaching and runs the award-winning social media network newteacherstalk.  You can follow him on Twitter at @newteacherstalk. His new book “Working in Teaching” (Crimson Publishing) was published in March 2014.